Scientific Breakthroughs

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Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Sun Feb 03, 2013 6:22 pm

On this thread, I would like to post new developments in science and technology that may have big influence on our lives.
This thread is not about the newest feature of the iPhone 6 or similar menial topics but about the big picture!

The OP will contain all sorts of interesting links that I hope you will contribute during the course of this thread.

To begin, I have selected a few topics that will hopefully start a fruitful exchange of ideas in this thread.


The Extension Of Life Expectancy

The increase of life expectancy in the last decades was mainly due to the improvements during parturition and the reduction of infant mortality and less due to an actual extension of life expectancy. However this is changing. There are several approaches to increase life expectancy and I will show a few examples:

The Biogerontological Approach by Aubrey de Grey

The Transhumanistic Approach


New Forms Of Propulsion

What every poster on this board has in common is that they have played Mass Effect (why else would you be here?). And one of the principles of any space opera is that there has to be a form of improved propulsion system. Most of the times it is some sort of FTL (faster than light), but I will not limit this section to FTL propulsion theories.

Propulsion Systems of the near Future - Link 1; Link 2

Warp Drives and other FTL Propulsion Systems - Link 1; Link 2


General Developments

This section is rather self-explanatory.

The Future Of Physics

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by MaximizedAction on Sun Feb 03, 2013 8:21 pm

Not a scientific breakthrough, but it's a short comparison of ME technology, like Mass Relays, with modern physics. Definitely a good and accurate read, because the blogger actually played ME1 and ME2:

http://only-logical.blogspot.de/2011/02/physics-of-mass-effect.html


For the more patient but curious of you, here a longer article on that 'warp drive' you might've heard NASA is looking at:

http://io9.com/5963263/how-nasa-will-build-its-very-first-warp-drive

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Sun Feb 03, 2013 11:20 pm

MaximizedAction wrote:Not a scientific breakthrough, but it's a short comparison of ME technology, like Mass Relays, with modern physics. Definitely a good and accurate read, because the blogger actually played ME1 and ME2:

http://only-logical.blogspot.de/2011/02/physics-of-mass-effect.html


For the more patient but curious of you, here a longer article on that 'warp drive' you might've heard NASA is looking at:

http://io9.com/5963263/how-nasa-will-build-its-very-first-warp-drive
Nice, I will read them tomorrow.
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by BlueLogic on Mon Feb 04, 2013 1:20 am

I thought this was a rather ingenious approach to organ creation:

Saving lives with help from pigs and cells

Take an existing organ and immerse it in special detergents for a certain period until only a tough scaffolding remains. Then introduce stem cells from the recipient that begin to grow around the scaffolding until they have eventually created a working, living organ. Such a simple concept. Pretty amazing.

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Rankincountry on Mon Feb 04, 2013 12:53 pm

Here's the Royal Society of Chemistry on how to create a truly sustainable source of Hydrogen to use as fuel via artificial photosynthesis: http://www.rsc.org/ScienceAndTechnology/Policy/Documents/solar-fuels.asp

Meanwhile, here's how governments could apply a key scientific tool - the Randomised Controlled Trial to public policy in a way that might help stop them wasting huge amounts of money on interventions that don't actually accomplish anything. Maybe not a scientific breakthrough, but could be a breakthrough for social justice if it ever became widespread.

http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/resource-library/test-learn-adapt-developing-public-policy-randomised-controlled-trials

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Wed Feb 06, 2013 11:44 am

Though this is only a promotion video and I have a considerable amount of doubt, I still think this could be awesome, if it worked:
Deep Space Industries
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Lombus on Wed Feb 06, 2013 12:03 pm

Restrider wrote:Though this is only a promotion video and I have a considerable amount of doubt, I still think this could be awesome, if it worked:
Deep Space Industries
That looks really cool.

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Norlond on Wed Feb 06, 2013 12:07 pm

Restrider wrote:Though this is only a promotion video and I have a considerable amount of doubt, I still think this could be awesome, if it worked:
Deep Space Industries
While I think it is inevitable that we'll begin to "harvest space" within this century, our prime focus should be cost reduction for travelling into orbit. The most promising and cost reducing option for that would be a space elevator imho. There's only one problem: we do not have the technology to create carbon nanotubes longer than 20cm (~8 inches) yet, and for a space elevator we would need carbon nanotubes that are about 100,000km (~60,000 miles) long.

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Thu Feb 07, 2013 12:03 pm

Norlond wrote:
Restrider wrote:Though this is only a promotion video and I have a considerable amount of doubt, I still think this could be awesome, if it worked:
Deep Space Industries
While I think it is inevitable that we'll begin to "harvest space" within this century, our prime focus should be cost reduction for travelling into orbit. The most promising and cost reducing option for that would be a space elevator imho. There's only one problem: we do not have the technology to create carbon nanotubes longer than 20cm (~8 inches) yet, and for a space elevator we would need carbon nanotubes that are about 100,000km (~60,000 miles) long.
I agree that a more efficient way to orbit is quite important for any form of commercial deep space operations.
As far as I know, one idea was to capture asteroids in the Terra-Luna-System and mine them for precious metals (since the concentration of such metals is quite high there).
I guess we will have several developments that will fuel space travel:

1. More efficient way into orbit (i.e. elevator).
2. Fabrication in low gravity (for more complex spacecrafts/habitats).
3. Space mining (using asteroids as raw material for 2.).
4. Advances in energy production (i.e. fusion reactors to energize NTR and/or VASIMR propulsion systems for faster movement in the solar system).
5. Advances in FTL travel (later than the other four points).
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Sun Feb 17, 2013 10:47 pm

While a little bit old (2007), this is also an interesting video about what might happen in the coming years and decades.
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Ghost Of Kesak11 on Mon Feb 18, 2013 12:39 am

Restrider wrote:While a little bit old (2007), this is also an interesting video about what might happen in the coming years and decades.
Intresting. I wonder how far we are with these idea's now.

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by MaximizedAction on Mon Feb 18, 2013 1:28 am

Kesak11 wrote:
Restrider wrote:While a little bit old (2007), this is also an interesting video about what might happen in the coming years and decades.
Intresting. I wonder how far we are with these idea's now.

Well, regarding magnets -- and who doesn't love em -- there exists one that is strong enough to keep a random frog floating.
(I'm sure most of you have probably saw this one in the news, but I still find it funny enough to post it here)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A1vyB-O5i6E

The frog is all alive and well afterwards (you can't see it in the video but I've seen this on TV once and heard about it also in a lecture). This facility is huge btw, cuz you need to generate an incredibly strong field to hold a non-ferromagnetic object with the mass of a frog - or any organic thing.

And as usual, there is an anecdote attached to this strong magnet:
Some priest got wind of this and wrote the scientist who were working in this facility a letter asking what it would cost to build a similar magnet that could lift humans. He also asked whether this thing could be built to be small enough to hide it behind a wall.
Why?
So he could make himself float during the church service to 'help his words reach the audience'.

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Norlond on Sun Feb 24, 2013 3:23 pm


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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Mon Feb 25, 2013 11:30 am

I will finally be able to do this!
Fun aside, I have mixed feelings when it comes to the control commands via voice. What about using your hands in the augmented vision to control the glasses. The best way would be some form of mind-control, which is also being developed (at least there are examples for handicapped people being able to control a cursor via a chip attached to the brain).
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Wed Feb 27, 2013 12:40 pm

Here is a rather old documentary on solar weather, cosmic rays and the terran climate:
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Sadly, I could only find a german version, though, since it is an ARTE production, there should be a french version somehwere. I am not sure if there is an english version.
Not only the scientific ramifications are interesting, the reaction of the scientific community as well reminds me of a certain theory...
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Rankincountry on Wed Feb 27, 2013 6:20 pm


Oh dear, the Daily Mail - you need to take anything that appears in there with a pinch of salt the size of a large asteroid. It's less of a newspaper and more a place that right-wing, closet sexists, racists and homophobes (basically the sort of people who start sentences with "I'm not racist, but [INSERT RACISM HERE]) can go to have their twisted world-view confirmed. Correspondingly, their science reporting is about as accurate as a myopic drunk firing a revenant one-handed from the hip.

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by spotlessvoid on Wed Feb 27, 2013 6:53 pm

Rankincountry wrote:

Oh dear, the Daily Mail - you need to take anything that appears in there with a pinch of salt the size of a large asteroid. It's less of a newspaper and more a place that right-wing, closet sexists, racists and homophobes (basically the sort of people who start sentences with "I'm not racist, but [INSERT RACISM HERE]) can go to have their twisted world-view confirmed. Correspondingly, their science reporting is about as accurate as a myopic drunk firing a revenant one-handed from the hip.

This video and others released by DARPA show the same things. Just because it's the DM doesn't mean the video isn't authentic. It's from the USAF.
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by BlueLogic on Wed Feb 27, 2013 7:26 pm


How long before the tax collectors send their seeker swarms ahead of an audit?

Sure, I'm joking, but it's pretty scary what can be done these days, even within the law.
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by spotlessvoid on Thu Feb 28, 2013 4:22 am

BlueLogic wrote:

How long before the tax collectors send their seeker swarms ahead of an audit?

Sure, I'm joking, but it's pretty scary what can be done these days, even within the law.

Especially when you consider the executive branch has deemed assassination of citizens on American soil legal. Add in how the NDAA classifies enemy combatants and ....yeah. Crazy times.
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Thu Feb 28, 2013 9:52 am

spotlessvoid wrote:
BlueLogic wrote:

How long before the tax collectors send their seeker swarms ahead of an audit?

Sure, I'm joking, but it's pretty scary what can be done these days, even within the law.

Especially when you consider the executive branch has deemed assassination of citizens on American soil legal. Add in how the NDAA classifies enemy combatants and ....yeah. Crazy times.
I guess the development of personal EMPs is something to look forward to.
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Rankincountry on Thu Feb 28, 2013 12:28 pm

spotlessvoid wrote:
Rankincountry wrote:

Oh dear, the Daily Mail - you need to take anything that appears in there with a pinch of salt the size of a large asteroid. It's less of a newspaper and more a place that right-wing, closet sexists, racists and homophobes (basically the sort of people who start sentences with "I'm not racist, but [INSERT RACISM HERE]) can go to have their twisted world-view confirmed. Correspondingly, their science reporting is about as accurate as a myopic drunk firing a revenant one-handed from the hip.

This video and others released by DARPA show the same things. Just because it's the DM doesn't mean the video isn't authentic. It's from the USAF.

Fair enough. I can't help it, I just have this visceral reaction to the mention of the Daily Mail. Probably for the best that I don't have a flamethrower or orbital nuclear strike capability (Orbit-o-nuke(TM) - it's the only way to be sure!).

Back on topic. Scary stuff.

spotlessvoid wrote:Especially when you consider the executive branch has deemed assassination of citizens on American soil legal. Add in how the NDAA classifies enemy combatants and ....yeah. Crazy times.

Makes the future start to look bleak. Easy to dismiss it as something that just happens to other countries, but if one government can get away with this sort of abuse of its citizens, you can bet others won't be far behind.

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by spotlessvoid on Thu Feb 28, 2013 6:06 pm

UK is in lock step with their counter parts across the pond.

And DARPA and Homeland keep yapping about pre crime technology.
Cameras and microphones everywhere feeding data back to their processing hubs.

You can debate the intentions, but a total surveillance apparatus is being built and it's not even secret to anyone who isn't ignoring everything being said.

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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Norlond on Thu Feb 28, 2013 8:30 pm


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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

Post by Restrider on Fri Mar 01, 2013 10:03 am


That's how it begins... in a few centuries the first human Reaper will emerge!
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Re: Scientific Breakthroughs

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